Passage of the spending packages will not move Congress closer to reopening nine unfunded federal departments for now. "Democrats will have to get serious about border security so that a government funding agreement may be reached that can pass the House, earn 60 votes here in the Senate, and receive a presidential signature", Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said.
Much of the media has been excited about Tlaib and Ilhan Omar becoming the first Muslim women elected to Congress. Leftist activist Linda Sarsour attended Tlaib's swearing-in ceremony. It underscored that there remains a nucleus of Pelosi opponents within her party whom she may need to confront, if she seeks to lead the House again after the 2020 elections and Democrats retain their majority.
"I enter Congress as part of a unique class of candidates who represent a new generation of leaders", Crow said, who was elected to Aurora's 6th Congressional District last month, ousting long-time Congressman Mike Coffman.
The White House has rejected the Democratic package.
Democrats also approved a separate measure to fund the departments of Agriculture, Interior, Housing and Urban Development and others closed by the partial shutdown, at levels Senate Republicans had largely agreed to previous year.
"Without a wall you cannot have border security", the president continued after allowing the officers to make statements to the press.
The Homeland Security bill does not include Trump's border wall demands.
A new US Congress has been sworn in with Democrats taking back control of the House. "And I'm very proud of it", he said.
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McConnell said that Republicans have shown the Senate is "fertile soil for big bipartisan accomplishments", but that the question is whether House Democrats will engage in "good governance or political performance art".
The White House, at press time, had yet to respond to an inquiry on whether he will accep the invitation. Senate Democratic Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said, "It's very hard to see how progress will be made unless they open up the government".
In the past, Congress has approved back pay for federal workers, but the American Federation of Government Employees, which announced the lawsuit on Monday, called the requirement to work without pay "inhumane".
Addressing reporters later, Trump confirmed his threat.
Democrats said they would visit the White House on Friday to try to break the impasse, but lawmakers have warned the shutdown could extend for several more days, even weeks.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi administers the oath to members of the 116th Congress at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Thursday, Jan. 3, 2019.
Adding to national unease about the shutdown are economic jitters as analysts warn of the risks of closures that are disrupting government operations across multiple departments and agencies at a time of other uncertainties in the stock market and foreign trade.
Meanwhile, while Ms Pelosi has been cautious about calls to impeach Mr Trump, other lawmakers have pushed for this, including Ms Tlaib, who also attracted controversy for using offensive language to describe the president.