Everything You Need to Know About NASA's Mars InSight

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"The landing site in Jezero Crater offers geologically rich terrain. that could potentially answer important questions in planetary evolution and astrobiology", said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

But Jezero came out a victor as it offers promising sampling targets of at least five kinds of rock, including clays and carbonates that have high potential to preserve signatures of past life, as revealed by NASA in a press statement.

For the first time in six years, a new mission is about to land on Mars.

The crater was chosen after a five-year search that examined some 60 other sites on Mars. The mission aims to study the interior of Mars by drilling down and taking samples of the rock and soil deep beneath the surface.

"We're really excited. There's nothing as exciting as landing on Mars".

Scientists have debated where to land the rover for the past four years, and whittled down their decision from a total of 64 possible sites. The lander will be staying in one place and, if all goes well, deploying a robotic "mole" deep into the ground to take the planet's temperature.

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And in the 2020s, NASA's next rover is likely to be joined by the European Space Agency's first rover, which is part of the European-Russian ExoMars exploration campaign.

As it once hosted an ancient lake-delta system, NASA hopes Jezero also contains a variety of minerals, which would hugely help discover more about the red planet. The image combines information from two instruments on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars and the Context Camera.

"But what was once out of reach is now conceivable, thanks to the 2020 engineering team and advances in Mars entry, descent and landing technologies".

NASA announced a landing spot for its 2020 rover on Monday, an area called the Jezero Crater, according to an announcement from NASA.

Unlike the NASA Mars Exploration Program's Curiosity rover, InSight will not be able to move around Mars.

The evening of November 26 research center of NASA, "jet propulsion Laboratory" (JPL) will live-blog the process of landing on the surface of the fourth planet from the Sun Mars lander InSight.

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