It means that despite a first-day washout, Joe Root's team, 1-0 up after winning last week's first Test at Edgbaston, have a genuine chance of victory here even though just 35.2 overs have been bowled so far in this match.
James Anderson took five wickets in ideal swing bowling conditions after rain prevented play on Thursday (Friday NZ time) and more showers allowed only 8.3 overs before the first prolonged passage of play began shortly after 5pm local time.
The wicket was a turning point to an already disastrous start to the second test for Indian cricket team as the skipper had previously put in a stunning display at Edgbaston, scoring 149 and 51 he was the most prized scalp for team India. Anderson was right on target removing opener Murali Vijay at 0/1 with a delivery that pitched on the middle stump line and moved enough as the opener tried to flick it, only to miss the line completely, and leaving India with a bad start to the game.
Virat Kohli was involved in an almighty mix-up that led to Cheteshwar Pujara being run out as India were skittled for 107.
Only off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin, batting at number eight, provided any real resistance, making 29 in a 49-minute knock before he was trapped lbw by Stuart Broad.
Seasoned quick James Anderson took both the Indian wickets.More news: German firms bend to U.S. sanctions, cutting ties to Iran
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It was then left to Anderson to have the final say as he capped a stunning day with the final wicket of Ishant Sharma to leave India in complete disarray.
"You do not get conditions like that much in England anymore with the ball doing that much in the air or off the pitch. When you build pressure all day no matter who you are it is hard", he said.
Earlier, India chose to play with two spinners in Ravichandran Ashwin and Kuldeep Yadav, whereas Cheteshwar Pujara had a horrific return to Test cricket.
England won the first Test by 31 runs.
Batsman Pujara was brought in for Shikhar Dhawan.
That brought debutant Ollie Pope to the crease and Surrey's talented 20-year-old showed no signs of nerves as he combined with Root to take the score to 77-2.