The U.N. children's fund warns more than one-half million Rohingya refugee children in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, are at risk of disease outbreaks leading to many deaths during the upcoming cyclone and monsoon season.
Alongside their animosity for the Myanmar state, ethnic Rakhine reject the Rohingya, who they denounce as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh - despite their living in the predominantly Buddhist Myanmar for generations.
Bangladesh and Myanmar have reached an agreement to complete the resettlement of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who had fled to Bangladesh in the wake of last year's army crackdown in Myanmar in the next two years.
The UN High Commission for Refugees stated that the underlying causes of the crisis needed to be addressed before the Rohingya feel is it safe for them to return.
"I am sceptical whether they will be able to start the repatriation properly with the Physical Arrangement that was signed between the two countries", he said. Rather, the process will need more time.
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After months of pressure from the worldwide community, Myanmar has promised to repatriate over 650,000 refugees who were pushed from their homes into neighbouring Bangladesh over the past few months following two serious outbreaks of violence, the AFP reported. From there they will be taken to temporary accommodation at a 124-acre camp near Maungdaw township.
Wakar Uddin, the US-based Director General of the Arakan Rohingya Union, a non-profit group representing various Rohingya organizations worldwide, said that he had reservations about the safety of Rohingya once they've returned to Myanmar. "Both sides agreed that the repatriation process will commence on January 23, 2018", Myanmar's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement on Jan. 16.
A wave of Rohingya migrants began exiting Myanmar a year ago when military attacks led to widespread violence in Rahkine State - including allegations of rape, torture and killings.
"There's no point in sending us back to Myanmar because there is no security for us there", he said. Secondly, they have to give back our lands. Journalists have been barred from Rakhine state, where most of the counterinsurgency "clearance operations" have taken place. "We can not fail them again", said Stephen Twigg MP, also the chair of the committee.
The Bangladesh delegation said that orphans and "children born out of unwarranted incidence", a reference to rapes that result in pregnancies, would also be sent back.