U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres will open the signing ceremony for the first treaty to ban nuclear weapons and the Security Council hold a high-level meeting on its far-flung peacekeeping operations as world leaders tackle a wide range of crises and challenges on the second day of their annual gathering.
President Muhammadu Buhari, in his address to the United Nations, said the most pressing threat to global peace and security was accelerated nuclear weapons development programme by North Korea.
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was adopted [JURIST report] during a United Nations conference in July by a vote of 122 to 1. "Humanity simply can not live under the dark shadow of nuclear warfare", he said, describing the new treaty as a light "illuminating a pathway towards a world without nuclear weapons". The United States, the United Kingdom and France issued a joint press statement declaring they "have not taken part in the negotiation of the treaty ... and do not intend to sign, ratify or ever become party to it".
"The world will only be safe if we eliminate all weapons of mass destruction", he added. "Now we must continue along the hard road towards the elimination of nuclear arsenals", said Guterres.
The treaty was adopted on 7 of July in the year 2017.
Australian diplomats are also skeptical about the treaty's ability to reduce the number of nuclear weapons.More news: Russian helicopter fires missile at spectators at drills
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Guyana, the Vatican and Thailand have already ratified the treaty.
As well as prohibiting nuclear weapons, the treaty also requires the provision of aid to victims and environmental remediation.
Jean-Yves Le Drian, foreign minister of official nuclear power France, called the Treaty "wishful thinking... nearly irresponsible".
The President of the General Assembly, Miroslav Lajčák, noted at the ceremony that the Treaty demonstrates the will of Member States to bring about change.
Meanwhile, the Russian Foreign Ministry said that Moscow would not ratify the nuclear weapons ban treaty as it runs counter to the country's national interests. Once 50 such instruments have been deposited, the treaty will enter into legal force.
Nuclear weapons have defied attempts to contain their spread since the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan in 1945, ending World War II.